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Formosan termites have three castes within a colony: reproductives, soldiers, and workers. Formosan termites are identified by their soldiers or winged reproductives. Their nests are also easily identifiable. Formosan termite colonies may contain more than a million individuals in Austin alone.

Real Green Pest and LawnFormosan Subterranean Termite Alate are yellowish-brown and 0.5 – 0.6 inch long. They have large ocelli (simple eye) with wings >10 mm long and covered with dense golden hair with two heavily pigmented veins near the front edge and no connecting cross veins.

Real Green Pest and LawnFormosan Subterranean Termite Soldier have tear dropped heads, make up 5-10% of colonies, aggressive, and use a white defensive secreting gland.

Real Green Pest and LawnWorkers are white and had to distinguish from other termite species.

Formosan Termite Nests often make aerial nests that can be large as several cubic feet and can be found above ground with no soil contact. Formosan termites cause the same rapid damage as the other subterranean termites. They have been known to attack more than 47 plant species. Formosan termites feed on both the spring growth and the summer growth wood. They have also been known to eat through non-cellulose material, such as thin sheets of soft metal (lead or copper), asphalt, plaster, creosote, rubber, and plastic. Formosan Termites come from China, Formosa, and Japan and were first identified in Texas in 1956. Currently there are 19 counties in Texas that have been positively identified as having an infestation of Formosan Subterranean Termites. The majority of the sightings are along the coast with scattered sightings inland. The sightings inland are due to the transportation of infested soils or materials.

FAQ

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What are Formosan subterranean termites and where did they come from?

What’s the difference between these termites and other termites?

How much damage do they cause homeowners?

How do I know if I have them?

Can I apply my own treatment?

Can’t I just have my house chemically treated for termites?

My house is made of brick. Is it protected against Formosan termites?

How long does it take Formosan termites to cause severe damage?

Is there a particular place I should look in my house to find these termites?

What are flying termites or termite swarms?

Is there a certain time of year I should look for termites?